Our Demands are factually based...

(3) Each Japanese Military Yen has the endorsement "This note on presentation will be exchanged for the Japanese currency of the stated value on the front". This statement certified that each voucher is exchangeable.

(4) The Japanese government legislated that the Military Yen were "supported by tremendous amounts of reserves" and could be used to purchase commodities. The Japanese government passed an Act in those years, a fact which they cannot deny.


Taken from: http://www.cnd.org/NJMassacre/index.html

(5) According to law, the Japanese government is obligated to announce the date of issue of the Military Yen. If these Military Yen were classified as null and void the Japanese government should have announced a "buy back" period that gave Hong Kong residence an opportunity to exchange their Military Yen. Only after the stated period of exchange had lapsed should the Military Yen be no longer classified as legal tender. The Japanese left Hong Kong without announcing to Hong Kong residents that the Military Yen were "null and void". Even if the Japanese government had made such an announcement. anywhere else in the world, Hong Kong residents could not have known about it then the Military Yen should be deemed as legally valid.

(6) Each Military Yen bears no expiry date and so should be deemed as valid tender. The legal obligation of "exchanging to the value of the Japanese currency stated on the front on demand" should be honoured. As a consequence the responsibility of legally "exchanging" the Military Yen should not be neglected.

(7) A Military Yen is equivalent to a cheque. Every time when a citizen tenders a cheque, the citizen is responsible to honour the commitment to pay which is an obligation which the Japanese government should not be exempted from.

(8) Any government signing an agreement or treaty should not have the power to give away any private personal properties. Military Yen are private property.

(9) The Japanese government still exists and the Japanese banks that issued Military Yen in those years are still trading.They should be made responsible for the redemption of the Military Yen. For example, should you have US Dollars, Canadian Dollars, Australian Dollars etc, no one can take away from you and since there is no expiry date on the Military Yen, these notes should still be current and offspring have the right to demand the Japanese government to redeem these notes.

(10) On October 2, 1995, the Japanese government established "Exchange Associations" in a number of cities in Taiwan. The comprehensive "Remuneration" includes postal reserve fund (savings of the Military Yen in those years), back pay, annuity, postal exchange, Deutsche mark certificate etc. The scheme is valid until the end of March 2000.

To conclude, Japan is a world economic power and also an important member of the international community. Japan should therefore courageously admit to the crimes committed against the people of various places during World War 2 and take responsibility. They should imitate the reperation policy of Germany after war and speedily resolve the issue of the Military Yen. Japan should expand on its"Remuneration" policy in Taiwan to redeem Military Yen issued in Hong Kong. This act will promote good will and friendship between Japan and the people of different regions in Asia. Only through such a deed will the world respect Japan and its government.

Hong Kong Reparation Association
President: Ng Yat Hing
Vice President: Ho Dat Man
Chow Bing

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Hong Kong Reparation Association


Our demands are factually based:

(1) We stand by the principle of "Military Yen exchanged for the Hong Kong Dollar."It is therfore a "matter of debt" as the Japanese government has failed to honour its commitment to exchange legal tender issued by them. When we present our Military Yen in exchange for Hong Kong Dollars it is not compensation but a "repayment". The Japanese government however pretends to be ignorant of its obligation in honouring its commitment for issuing such form of currency.


Taken from: http://www.cnd.org/NJMassacre/index.html

(2) The British and Japanese treaty signed in San Francisco was signed between the British and Japanese governments and did not concern the residents of Hong Kong. Since the Japanese army ruled Hong Kong, the British had either left Hong Kong or were made captives. This made the British government not responsible for the Japanese governments action of forcibly making Hong Kong residents exchange their Hong Kong Dollars, money, foreign currencies, stocks and shares certificates for the Military Yen.